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A. The Possessive
The possessive is a grammar term which covers who owns what.
John owns a house.
The house of John.
John possesses the house. The house is the possession of John.
Here is usually the shortest way to write the possessive.
RIGHT: Mary’s book.
WRONG: The book of Mary.
B. Possessive Exceptions
The possessive has many exceptions. Do not change the name of something. Leave it alone.
RIGHT: The Declaration of Independence
WRONG: The Independence Declaration
RIGHT: The Straits of Malacca
WRONG: The Malacca Straits
C. The Possessive and Using Its and It's
The grammar term is called the possessive because it is about possession.
I possess the book. The book is mine.
The book belongs to me.
It is my book.
To save space, you can shorten it. The grammar term is abbreviate.
RIGHT: It’s my book.
However, even though abbreviating may seem to be quicker for the reader, it is not. The fastest way for a reader to understand your message is to avoid abbreviations.
Shortcut text messaging slows down the users' ability to read your message because they spend more time thinking about the actual meaning of the abbreviation.
If you want the reader to get your message as fast and as possible, do not abbreviate.
RIGHT: It is my book.
If saying "it is" is wrong, do not add an apostrophe.
RIGHT: The cat likes its milk.
WRONG: The cat likes it’s milk.
(You cannot say, “The cat likes it is milk.”)
Show What You Learned
Grammar 01 - Possessive
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A. THE POSSESSIVE. GIVE FOUR EXAMPLES.
B. POSSESSIVE EXCEPTIONS. GIVE TWO EXAMPLES.
C. POSSESSIVE WITH ITS & IT'S. GIVE FOUR EXAMPLES.
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